• The Texas Observer published an article about Russell Johnson, who died this past summer in solitary confinement in the Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) Coffield Unit. His sister, Tambra Marsh, had noticed during her visits that her brother had psychologically deteriorated since his placement in solitary in 2016. Johnson talked about the voices haunting him in his cell and showed signs of deep depression. After two years and eight months in solitary, Johnson committed suicide. While the TDCJ has not provided data on suicides and suicide attempts in solitary confinement, a total of 40 people died by suicide in Texas prisons last year. Seven of the 35 people who committed suicide in TDCJ custody in 2017 were in solitary, according to the Texas Civil Rights Project. Overall, the TDCJ reports holding 4,200 people in solitary confinement.

• The Charlotte Observer reported that the ACLU of North Carolina and North Carolina Prisoner Legal Services filed a class action lawsuit on behalf of four incarcerated people held in solitary confinement, claiming the practice constitutes “cruel and unusual punishment” and causes “serious psychological and physiological harm.” According to the lawsuit, North Carolina holds about 3,000 people in solitary, hundreds of whom have been isolated for several months or years. Two of the plaintiffs, both struggling with mental illness, have been in solitary for a decade or more. The lawsuit aims to restrict solitary to be used “only as a last resort, and only for the shortest duration possible.” The director of ACLU of NC pointed out that for states that have implemented heavy restrictions on the use of solitary, “what we see is prisons actually become safer.”

• CBS reported that 43-year-old Roylan Hernández Díaz died last week in solitary confinement at the Richwood Correctional Center, an Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) detention facility in Louisiana. Hernández Díaz and his wife came to the U.S. seeking asylum from Cuba, but despite passing the “credible fear” test, Hernández Díaz was still detained in May and separated from his wife. According to another detained man, Hernández Díaz got desperate after a judge denied him bond, though he says he met the necessary requirements. After the hearing, Hernández Díaz was placed in solitary confinement, or “el poso,” meaning “the hole.” ICE officials claim he was isolated because he had begun a hunger strike. Hernández Díaz hanged himself in his solitary cell.

• Georgia Public Broadcasting Radio reported that local activists are protesting conditions at the Cobb County Jail, outside Atlanta, after 36-year-old Kevin Wingo became the fourth person to die at the jail in a single year. The sheriff’s office has not released the cause of Wingo’s death, which took place four days after he arrived at the jail. Timothy Gardner, the attorney representing Wingo’s sister, condemned the jail for locking people down in solitary confinement and preventing people from calling and visiting their families. Gardner said, “Cobb County is grossly understaffed but nonetheless you cannot change that by locking inmates up and depriving them from their civil rights. These are people not animals.”

• According to Freedom for Immigrants, Cuban asylum seekers held at the Otero County Processing Center (OCPC) in New Mexico have engaged in self-harm in protest of the conditions at the facility. Two of the immigrants slit their wrists and nearly 20 others said they planned on doing the same. Several of the expected participants were reportedly taken to solitary confinement. A 2017 report from the Department of Homeland Security revealed abusive conditions at OCPC, including retaliation and excessive use of solitary. And a 2018 investigation by Freedom for Immigrants and the Advocate Visitors with Immigrants in Detention (AVID) also found solitary used in retaliation. Volunteers with AVID wrote to the state legislature, “If the situation is not quickly resolved, more men will slit their wrists and large numbers of others will go on hunger strike.”

• The Palm Beach Post reported that the Palm Beach County Sheriff’s Office has settled a lawsuit with the county’s Legal Aid Society and the Human Rights Defense Center, claiming that the jail inflicted “cruel and unusual punishment” in placing youth in solitary confinement. According to the lawsuit, youth faced abuse from guards and were refused clean water, showers, education and medical treatment. One young person recalled experiencing hallucinations in solitary confinement, where he would watch a “non-existent television on the blank wall of his 6 by 12-foot cell.” The county and school district have been ordered to pay $420,000 to settle the lawsuit, as well as end the practice of placing youth in solitary. The sheriff has since instituted “segregated housing” where kids are allowed to take showers, participate in classes, access mental health counselors, and have recreation, according to a Human Rights Defense Center lawyer.

• The New York Daily News reported that New York City has ordered a stop to transfers of people held on Rikers Island to the Albany County Correctional Facility until 2022, after a lawsuit claimed young men had experienced solitary confinement and physical brutality at the hands of Albany guards. The Substitute Jail Orders, transferring youth to jails outside the city, occurred after New York City banned the use of solitary confinement for people younger than 22 years old. In 2022, when transfers may resume, Albany County will be required to follow the same restrictions on solitary confinement as jails in the city, and people will be provided notice before they are transferred. Attorney Doug Lieb, who filed the lawsuit on behalf of four young men, said, “The city’s responsibility for (inmates’) well-being doesn’t stop at the northern border of the Bronx. It doesn’t end by shipping them somewhere else.”

• The City reported that New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio failed to renew Board of Correction Commissioner Bryanne Hamill’s tenure, days before a proposal to restrict the use of solitary confinement is supposed to be introduced. Hamill, one of nine board members who oversee the city’s jails, said she was not surprised that she was thrown off the board. “My only regret,” she wrote, “is that I cannot see this rule-making, initiated pursuant to my motion nearly four years ago, to its conclusion.” Without Hamill, it is predicted that the vote will be tight. Restrictions have already reduced the population held in solitary confinement in New York City’s jails, but the death in isolation of transgender woman Layleen Polanco on Rikers Island last June catalyzed a push by advocates for a ban on nearly all uses of solitary.

• PennLive.com published an opinion piece written by My Le, who was held in solitary confinement for nearly six months at Riverside Correctional Facility for adult women in Philadelphia when she was seventeen. Le says she was kept in solitary because, as a teenager, she was not supposed to be housed with adults. Le, now a youth organizer with Youth Art & Self-empowerment Project, argues that youth should never be kept in adult prisons. “Adult jails and prisons are not built for young people and they are harming them mentally and physically,” Le writes, and “Isolation is harmful for anyone, but especially a young person whose brain is still continuing to grow.” Le calls for Pennsylvania to come into compliance with the federal Juvenile Justice & Delinquency Prevention Act, which prohibits holding youth in adult facilities, and calls for Governor Tom Wolf’s Council on Reform to invest in community resources that would minimize youth incarceration.

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