The "Vicious Cycles" Created by Solitary Confinement

In 1993, Dr. Stuart Grassian, following extensive interviews with┬ámen in California’s Pelican Bay State Prison Security Housing Unit (SHU), reported that extensive periods in solitary confinement lead to what he referred to as a “syndrome” particular to prison isolation units. Anxiety, ruminations, panic attacks, aggression, paranoia, and psychotic symptoms were observed as a consequence of […]